Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Confabulation: A Clinical, Forensic, and Judicial Dilemma

  • Jerrod Brown


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is a permanent disorder resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure. This disorder consists of an array of cognitive and adaptive functioning impairments, many of which may increase the risk for confabulation. This possible link between Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and confabulation takes on increased importance for individuals who become involved in the criminal justice and legal systems. Specifically, an individual’s ability to navigate criminal investigations and the trial process may be compromised. This article aims to introduce clinical, forensic, and judicial professionals to the constructs of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and confabulation to raise awareness of the impact in the criminal justice and legal systems.

Keywords: Confabulation, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, forensic mental health, legal system 

Author Biography

Jerrod Brown

Jerrod Brown, MA, MS, MS, MS, is the Treatment Director for Pathways Counseling Center, Inc. Pathways provides programs and services benefiting individuals impacted by mental illness and addictions. Jerrod is also the founder and CEO of the American Institute for the Advancement of Forensic Studies (AIAFS), and the Editor-in-Chief of Forensic Scholars Today (FST) and the Journal of Special Populations (JSP). Jerrod holds graduate certificates in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Other Health Disabilities (OHD), and Traumatic-Brain Injuries (TBI). Jerrod is certified as a Youth Firesetter Prevention/Intervention Specialist, Thinking for a Change (T4C) Facilitator, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Trainer, and a Problem Gambling Treatment Provider. Jerrod is currently in the dissertation phase of his doctorate degree program in psychology.