ASSESSMENT OF THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF DOMESTIC CHILD LABOR AND ITS IMPACTS ON SOCIETY: A CASE STUDY OF DAR ES SALAAM -TANZANIA
Child labor has been a major global issue affecting children around the world (Hindman 2009). Many children under the age of 18 are working in different sectors. The main reason for child labor in many countries, particularly in third world, is lack of education which is caused by poverty (Hindman 2009).This study attempts to assess the causes and effects of domestic child labor employment and their impacts on society in Tanzania. In many countries, domestic service has been predominantly done by adults (Hindman 2009). However, in Tanzania the situation is quite different. The domestic work is done by children instead of adults because people think that children are innocent and they can do what they are assigned to do by their masters without any problems. Additionally, children tend to stay longer in the job without quitting and the cost of labor is low compared to adult workers.The majority of these domestic child laborers have little basic primary education, and most of them come from poor families in rural areas. Although the Tanzanian government provides free education for all primary school education, education is not really free. Parents have to pay some other fees in order for their children to attend school. The additional expenses that parents have to pay include table and chair, examination fees, hoes and axes. In terms of research methodology, the study used feminist qualitative research methodology, which offers a critical lens in analyzing the problem of child labor in Tanzania. The interviews and questionnaires were conducted in 2011with the children in Dar es Salaam, the big city of Tanzania. The study found that there is neither a clear nor unified legal position on the definition of a child domestic worker nor a well-defined position on employment status of the children. The major causes of domestic child labor are poverty and poor education.