World Health Organization (WHO) defines a health system (HS) as consisting of all
organizations, people, and actions whose primary intent is to promote, restore or maintain
health.1 A HS is made up of six building blocks namely; service delivery; health workforce;
information; medical products, vaccines, and technologies; financing; and leadership and
governance (stewardship).1 Human resource for health (HRH), or the health workforce, is
all people engaged in actions whose primary intent is to enhance health.2 HRM is a system,
a philosophy, policy, and practices that can influence individuals working in an
organization.3 HRM practices include: analysis and designing work, determining human
resource (HR) needs, attracting potential employees, choosing employees, teaching them
how to perform their jobs and preparing them for the future, rewarding employees,
evaluating their performance and creating a positive work environment.3 HRM practices
like the use of PA can transform HWs into a productive, motivated, and supported workforce
capable of improving healthcare services and saving lives.8 PA is one of the important
components in the rational and systematic process of HRM.